History Concentrations

Public & Applied History (HPAH): Students will focus on debates in public history, including questions of history, memory, commemoration, and identity in the public sphere, as well as issues related to the presentation of public narratives of history (e.g., in textbooks, museums, online). Students will also apply their skills of historical analysis on the practice of public history – e.g., by curating museum exhibits, by creating public history websites or blogs, and/or by interning in museums and archives. In doing so, students will apply historical knowledge to address issues of contemporary relevance and will demonstrate, to those outside of academia, the importance of historical thinking for understanding issues in the contemporary world, as well as the nature of history as a process of continual re-interpretation.

HPAH Courses include: HIST 2910, HIST 3910, HIST 4273, HIST 4910, and other courses with the HPAH attribute.



Law, Politics, and Society (HLPS): Students will explore interrelationships of legal, social, and political issues in their historical context. Students will analyze law as a social institution; the intersections between law and categories such as religion, race, gender, and class; the role of law in social, political, economic, and cultural life; and the ways in which law reflects and informs social and cultural values and practices.

HLPS Courses include: HIST 1300, HIST 1500, HIST 3706, HIST 4132, HIST 4150, HIST 4302, HIST 4303, HIST 4305, HIST 4432, HIST 4450, HIST 4520, HIST 4705, and other courses with the HLPS attribute.




Global Economies, Encounters, and Exchange (HGEE): Students will investigate the history of global interconnectedness, trade, and intercultural encounters and exchange. Rather than understanding world history as a collection of histories of separate regions, students will analyze world history as a series of developments that crossed state and regional lines, including the evolution of the world economy and the integration of national and regional economies, trade, migration, cultural exchange, technology transfer, colonialism and post-colonialism, and the transnational histories of race, gender, and religion. 

HGEE Courses include: HIST 1010, HIST 1050, HIST 1060, HIST 1120, HIST 1130, HIST 1200, HIST 1204, HIST 1301, HIST 1401, HIST 1500, HIST 1520, HIST 1600,HIST 1800, HIST 3810, HIST 4010, HIST 4050, HIST 4020, HIST 4132, HIST 4134, HIST 4205, HIST 4215, HIST 4230, HIST 4250, HIST 4281, HIST 4300, HIST 4402, HIST 4423, HIST 4520, and other courses with the HGEE attribute.



Race, Gender, and Culture (HRGC): Students will take an intersectional approach to the study of identity, analyzing how race and gender have shaped personal identity, understandings of collective belonging, social difference, structures of power and inequality, belief systems, and political and social action. Students will explore how race and gender have intersected with – sometimes constituting, sometimes supporting, and sometimes undermining – other categories of identity and social organization, including class, religion, and nation.

HRGC Courses include: HIST 1201, HIST 1300, HIST 1301, HIST 1400, HIST 1401, HIST 1510, HIST 1700, HIST 1750, HIST 2300, HIST 2400, HIST 2405, HIST 2410, HIST 2420, HIST 3252, HIST 3272, HIST 3600, HIST 3702, HIST 4050, HIST 4126, HIST 4205, HIST 4215, HIST 4225, HIST 4250, HIST 4273, HIST 4302, HIST 4305, HIST 4401, HIST 4403, HIST 4410, HIST 4411, HIST 4412, HIST 4423, HIST 4425, HIST 4427, HIST 4430, HIST 4431, HIST 4432, HIST 4433, HIST 4440, HIST 4441, HIST 4453, HIST 4540, HIST 4700, HIST 4830, and other courses with the HRGC attribute.


Environment, Science, and Technology (HEST): Students will examine how the natural environment, as well as humans’ efforts to understand and control it (e.g., through agriculture, science, and technology) have shaped human history. Students will employ a variety of analytical lenses to explore science, the development of technology, and humans’ relationships with nature in relation to broader historical contexts, and as products and producers of those contexts.

HEST Courses include: HIST 1060, HIST 1900, HIST 3452, HIST 3820, HIST 4411, HIST 4433, and other courses with the HEST attribute.


Individual Program: Students may design an individual area of concentration in consultation with a faculty advisor and with the approval of the Department Chair. The Individual Program must incorporate courses offered in the department and may not be fulfilled merely through independent studies courses (including the senior thesis).