Learning Outcomes

History Learning Outcomes

  1. Engage in historical inquiry, research, and analysis.
    • Develop a disciplined, skeptical stance and outlook on the world that demands evidence and sophisticated use of information.
    • Understand the dynamics of change over time.
    • Explore the complexity of the human experience, across time and space.
    • Evaluate a variety of historical sources for their credibility, position, and perspective.
    • Read and contextualize materials from the past with appropriate precision and detail.
  2. Practice historical empathy.
    • Value the study of the past for its contribution to lifelong learning and critical habits of mind that are essential for effective and engaged citizenship.
    • Develop a body of historical knowledge with range and depth.
    • Recognize the ongoing provisional nature of knowledge.
    • Interpret the past in context; contextualize the past on its own terms.
    • Explore multiple historical and theoretical viewpoints that provide perspective on the past.
  3. Understand the complex nature of the historical record.
    • Distinguish between primary and secondary materials and decide when to use each.
    • Choose among multiple tools, methods, and perspectives to investigate and interpret materials from the past.
    • Recognize the value of conflicting narratives and evidence.
  4. Generate significant, open-ended questions about the past and devise research strategies to answer them.
    • Seek a variety of sources that provide evidence to support an argument about the past.
    • Develop a methodological practice of gathering, sifting, analyzing, ordering, synthesizing, and interpreting evidence.
    • Identify and summarize other scholars’ historical arguments.
  5. Craft historical narrative and argument.
    • Generate a historical argument that is reasoned and based on historical evidence selected, arranged, and analyzed.
    • Write effective narrative that describes and analyzes the past for its use in the present.
    • Understand that the ethics and practice of history mean recognizing and building on other scholars’ work, peer review, and citation.
    • Defend a position publicly and revise this position when new evidence requires it.
  6. Practice historical thinking as central to engaged citizenship.
    • Engage a diversity of viewpoints in a civil and constructive fashion.
    • Work cooperatively with others to develop positions that reflect deliberation and differing perspectives.
    • Apply historical knowledge and analysis to contribute to contemporary social dialogue.