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Classics & Archaeology

William Fulco

William Fulco
William Fulco

Loyola Marymount University
Department of Classics and Archaeology
7900 Loyola Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90045-8400
Tel: (310) 338-5835
Fax: (310) 338-1947
Jesuits at Loyola Marymount University
P.O. Box 45041
Los Angeles, CA 90045-0041
Tel: (310) 338-2746
Fax: (310) 338-3002 (include name in heading)
Born Los Angeles, California 24 Feb, 1936
Entered Jesuits (Catholic order of priests), 14 Aug 1954
Ordained Roman Catholic Priest, 6 Jun 1966

Academic Preparation
l954-60: University of Santa Clara, CA, undergraduate: Liberal Arts, Latin & Greek classics; Gonzaga University, Spokane, Washington: AB, l959; MA & PhL in Philosophy, l960. Thesis: "Problem of Free Will in Aristotle."

l963-67: University of Santa Clara (Division: Alma College, now The Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley, CA). STM (= MA) and STL, 1967. Thesis: "The Hebrew Text of Psalm 68." While studying theology, also University of California, Berkeley, graduate seminars under Jonas Greenfield, Dept. of Near Eastern Studies, in Ugaritic, Canaanite Dialects, and Epigraphy. Summers, University of Chicago (Oriental Institute): concentrated programs in Assyrian cuneiform under A. Leo Oppenheim, John Brinkman, Erica Reiner.

l967-68: German studies, Berlin, Innsbruck. Archaeological study, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem.

l968-70: Yale University, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures: PhD studies in Northwest and Comparative Semitics, Ancient Near Eastern Religions, Archaeology, Hieroglyphic & Hieratic Egyptian. PhD, l970. Thesis: "The God Reshep." Director: Marvin Pope. While at Yale, also internship in the Yale Numismatic Collection, Curator: John Burnham.

Teaching Experience, Professional Appointments, Honors, Etc.
1960-63: Taught Latin, Greek, German on secondary level, Bellarmine College Preparatory, San Jose, California.

l967-68: Taught Hebrew to doctoral students, Jesuitenkolleg, Innsbruck, Austria.

l969-70: As TA (for Marvin Pope) at Yale, taught Ugaritic and Aramaic dialectology.

l971-86: [1971: Assistant, 1978: Associate, l984: on leave] Professor of Biblical Studies, Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, and Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley [l973-75: Chair, Biblical Studies, GTU]. Visiting [1971: Ass't, 1978: Assoc., 1984: Research Associate] Professor of Semitics, Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley: Graduate cycle of seminars in Comparative Semitic and Afro-asiatic Languages, Canaanite Dialects and Epigraphy, Ugaritic; UCB: Faculty Group in Ancient History and Mediterranean Archaeology; GTU & UCB: Joint PhD Program in Near Eastern Religions, Executive Committee [1975-77, Chair; 1978-84, Graduate Adviser.]

l971-on: Founder and Curator, [Jesuit] California Province Numismatic and Archaeological Collections: Large research and teaching collections of ancient Roman, Greek, Near Eastern and Indian coins and artifacts with a supporting library of about 15,000 volumes.

l974-on: Curator, Archaeological Museum (established the present museum in l974) and Numismatic Collection, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem.

1974-75: The Catholic Biblical Association of America Visiting Professor of Near Eastern Studies at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française, Jerusalem: Canaanite, Comparative Semitics, Numismatics, Archaeology.

1977-78: {Sabbatical} Annual Professor of the American Schools of Oriental Research (=ASOR) at the American Center of Oriental Research (=ACOR), Amman, Jordan: Research and publication, Ammonite, Moabite and Palestinian epigraphy. Summer l977: Member, ASOR/ACOR Syrian Archaeological Survey Team.

1979-87: (Summers) In Amman, Jordan, working with the Jordanian Department of Antiquities (Dir.: Fawzi Zayadine, Adnan Hadidi), research and publication in numismatics and epigraphy; in Jerusalem, École Biblique et Archéologique Française and the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem. [1983-84: Sabbatical, in Near East, research into the archaeological correlations with linguistic data in reconstructing the pre-history of the Afroasiatic languages.

1984: Return to Los Angeles. Teaching at Loyola Marymount University, first in Theology Department: Old Testament; subsequently in the Classics (and History) Departments [Adjunct Professor]: Ancient Near Eastern and Classical Archaeology.

1984-90: Teaching at the University of Judaism and/or the "Joint Program in Jewish Studies," University of Judaism / University of California, Los Angeles: Old Testament anthropology.

1986-on: Listed in Who's Who in Biblical Studies and Archaeology (1st Edition, 1986; 2nd Edition, 1993), Biblical Archaeology Society, Washington D.C.

1989-91: Department of Antiquities, Jordan: Participant, Amman Citadel Project (Director, Fawzi Zayadine): Archaeological excavation, research and publication of antiquities of the Citadel or housed in the Archaeological Museum on the Citadel (including epigraphic & numismatic items).

1989-98: University of Southern California, Adjunct Professor of Archaeology, School of Religion; and Curator, Archaeological Research Collection.

1990: (Month of August) Amman, Jordan. Project Co-director, University of Southern California and Jordanian Department of Antiquities joint archaeological excavation, Iron Age-to-Umayyad complex, Lower Terrace, Amman Citadel; further work towards publication of coins from the previous season of excavations.

1991-99: University of Southern California, Corporate Representative of the University to the American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR).

1991-99: An Associate Editor, CATHOLIC BIBLICAL QUARTERLY.

1991-on: Correspondent, Annotazioni Numismatiche, Edizioni ennerre: Milano, Italia.

1991-on: Correspondent and member, Commission Internationale de Numismatique, Wien & Padova,

1994-on: Representative of the joint membership of the University of Southern California and Loyola Marymount University to the MEGIDDO EXPEDITION (excavations), Israel, with Pennsylvania State University, and Tel Aviv University.

1995: April. Chosen by MORTAR BOARD (Pi Sigma Alpha), the Senior Honor Society, as University of Southern California "Faculty of the Month."

1996-on: CATHOLIC BIBLICAL ASSOCIATION: Archaeology Committee [1996-0n: Chair of Committee].

1996-98: Organizer and host: at Loyola Marymount University, 8-13 January 1998, International Conference in Near Eastern Archaeology. Participants: Zahi Hawass, Kent Weeks (Egypt); Leila Badre (Lebanon, Syria); Ghazi Bisheh, Pierre Bikai (Jordan); Israel Finkelstein (Israel); Moawiyah Ibrahim (Oman); Demetrios Michaelides (Cyprus), Giorgio Buccellati (US/Syria).

1998-on: National Endowment for the Humanities Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Classics Department, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles.

1999-on: Loyola Marymount University, Corporate Representative of the University to the American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR).

2000-on: Listed in Who's Who in America (West: 27th "Millennium Edition"on.)

Listed in Who's Who in the World (17th Edition on.)

2000: 19-22 May, Corinth (Loutraki), Greece. Organizer and Host for Loyola Marymount University in conjunction with the Getty Conservation Institute of an International Workshop: "Management Planning for Archaeological Sites." Representatives from Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, USA, Saudi Arabia, Israel, United Kingdom, Macedonia and Albania. Funded by grants from the Rothschild Foundation (Yad Hanadiv) and the Getty Conservation Institute.

Work in Progress.: Research for a lengthy article: Canaan and the Indus Valley: the case of Anat and Kali. Research for publication in Afroasiatic linguistics: special interest in evidence (linguistic, archaeological and otherwise) documenting the Central Saharan origin of the Afroasiatic language families. --Book on my 30 years of travel and research (anthropological, archaeological, linguistic) in the Middle East and North Africa. --- Long term: book on the Anthropology of the Psalms.

Scholarly Societies (Active Membership)
American Numismatic Association
American Numismatic Society
American Oriental Society
American Schools of Oriental Research
Catholic Biblical Association of America
Commission Internationale de Numismatique
National Association for Afroasiatic Linguistics
Numismatic Society of India
Society of Biblical Literature

Spoken: English, German. Some French, Italian, Spanish, Arabic, Hebrew, others.
Reading Knowledge: Classical Hebrew, Classical Greek (most dialects), Latin. Most ancient Near Eastern languages including cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Most modern West European languages with dictionary. Others.

Lectures and Papers (selected)
2001: 15 July, a lecture at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem: "The 1930 to 1960 Excavations of the Chalcolithic site of Tulaylat Ghassul, Jordan."

2001: 28 February, a lecture at the Museum, American University of Beirut by invitation: "The Origin of the Semitic Languages: Archaeological and Linguistic Evidence."

1999: 21 May, a lecture for the Southern California Colloquium Excellence in Academia at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Young Presidents Organization: "The Origins of Writing".

1998: 19 February, Los Angeles, at Loyola Marymount University, Public Lecture sponsored by the Department of Classics, "Pots and Pans, Sodom and Gomorrah: Biblical Traditions and Archaeological Realities."

1996: 16 November, Los Angeles, at Loyola Marymount University, Symposium in conjunction with the Basil P. Caloyeras Center for Modern Greek Studies and the Speros Basil Vryonis Center for the Study of Hellenism: Aegean Crossroads: Paths of Friendship or Avenues to Conflict, lecture: "The Bronze Age Aegean World."

1996: 7 November, lecture, Los Angeles, for the California Museum of Ancient Art: "Cakes for the Queen of Heaven: Canaanite Religion and Israelite Origins."

1995: 13 August, by invitation, presentation to the annual convention of the Catholic Biblical Association of America, Albany, NY: "Understanding Hebrew Within its Afroasiatic Context."

1995: 5 May, lecture to the Los Angeles Chapter, Biblical Archaeology Society: "Aspects of Pottery Analysis in Near Eastern Archaeology."

1995: 27 March, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, Faculty Seminar presentation, "Of Virgins and Vultures: Perceptions of the Cosmic Feminine in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean."

1995: 9-15 January, 15 lectures sponsored by the University of Denver: Center for Judaic Studies, Denver, Colorado, as Israel Scholar in Residence. Lectures included: "The Coinage of the Ancient Near East," "The Origins of the Hebrew Language," "Male and Female in the Ancient Near Eastern Pantheons," "The History, Culture and Religion of the Canaanites Before the Israelite Conquest," and "Jewish Wisdom in Christian Origins."

1994: 3-5 May, Seminar sponsored by the (National) Biblical Archaeology Society, San Diego, CA: Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, two papers: "Excavations at Qumran--the Site of the Scroll Community" and "Problems Interpreting the Archaeology of Qumran."

1992: 10 December, lecture, jointly sponsored by the University of Judaism, Los Angeles, and the California Museum of Ancient Art, "The Roots of Language, Part II: The Origin of Speech."

1992: 8 November, lecture to the Los Angeles Chapter, Biblical Archaeology Society: "The Archaeology of Bâb edh-Dhrac and Numeira at the Jordanian Lisân."

1992: 14 July, International Congress for the Study of Religion, 12-17 July, Melbourne, Australia: "Afroasiatic Linguistic and Cultural Prehistory."

1990: 19 November, New Orleans, presentation at the annual meeting of The Society of Biblical Literature, Northwest Semitic Epigraphy Section: "The Amman Citadel Inscription."

1990: 12 November, University of Judaism, Los Angeles, within Lecture Series "Great Discoveries in the Ancient World of the Bible" (with William Dever, James Robinson, James Sanders, Piotr Michalowski, et alii): "The Canaanites: Their Religion, Literature and Way of Life."

1989: 14 November, lecture, Los Angeles, for the California Museum of Ancient Art: "The Changing Male and Female Nature of the Divine in the Ancient World." (29 November, repeated for Departments of Classics and History, Loyola University, Los Angeles.)

l987: 26 August, lecture, Los Angeles, for the California Museum of Ancient Art: "The Roots of Language: Did the Babylonians Speak an African Language."

1987: 8-11 May, Symposium sponsored by the California Museum of Ancient Art and Pepperdine University: The Sumerians, presented with Samuel Noah Kramer (University of Pennsylvania) and Wolfgang Heimpel (University of California, Berkeley). Two papers by Fulco: "Song of Songs: Love Goddesses, Hero Gods and Ordinary People," and "The Love Goddesses in West Semitic Tradition."

1985: 13 February, lecture for the G.E.von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Los Angeles: "New Trends in Afroasiatic Linguistics."

1982: 26 August, by invitation, presentation to the annual convention of the Catholic Biblical Association of America, Albany, NY: "God's Other: His (Feminine) Face Toward the World."

1980: 27 March, paper delivered, Regional Conference of the National Association of Professors of Hebrew, Berkeley, CA: "Hebrew Verb Forms in Light of Comparative Afroasiatic Linguistics: Their Development and Their Psychology."

1979: 21 October, lecture, Annual McCall Memorial Lecture, Berkeley, CA: "Politics and Polemics in the Middle East: The Cuneiform Tablets from Ebla, Syria."

1977: 27 April, paper delivered, National Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Ithaca, NY: "The Evolution of the Semitic Pronominal System in Light of Afroasiatic."

Special Appointments
1974-75: The Catholic Biblical Association of America Visiting Professorship at the École Biblique, Jerusalem. [See above.]
1977-78: The American Schools of Oriental Research Annual Professorship at the American Center of Oriental Research, Amman, Jordan. [See above.]

Doctoral Dissertations Directed at Berkeley (as primary doctor)
1978: Alice Perlman, Asherah and Astarte in the Old Testament and Ugaritic Literature (University of California and Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley).

1978: Charles Bowman, The Goddess cAnatu in the Ancient Near East (University of California and Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley).

1980: Barbara Green, A Study of Field and Seed Symbolism in the Biblical Story of Ruth (University of California and Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley).

1982: Sandra Simons, A Structural Study of Expanded Verbal Bases in Egyptian (University of California, Berkeley).

1982: Stephen Ricks, A Lexicon of Epigraphic Qatabanian (University of California, Berkeley).

1985: Albert Naccach, The Representation of the Long-Time-Span Structures of Human History: The Case of the Mashriq (University of California, Berkeley).

2001: July. Jerusalem and Cairo. Planning of a new museum at Notre Dame Center in Jerusalem to house the collection of Chalcolithic and other artifacts now housed in the museum of the (Jesuit) Pontifical Biblical Institute in Jerusalem, which I curate.

2001: February-March. Beirut, Lebanon. To lecture at the American University of Beirut, and to initiate discussions with the administration of the AUB about possible linkages with Loyola Marymount University.

2000: December. Israel, Egypt. In Israel, assembling for Loyola Marymount University's archaeological study collections Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Roman period lithic and ceramic materials. Study at the Egyptian Museum of late Ramesside coffins and sarcophagi.

1999: Summer. Israel/Palestine, Egypt. As in Dec-Jan 1998-99. Also overseeing participation of Loyola Marymount University students in the excavations at the Neolithic site of Sha'ar HaGolan in Israel.

1998-99: December-January. Continuing work on the new Pontifical Biblical Institute Museum, Jerusalem, and further organization of the International Conference for Loutraki, Corinth, Greece, 2000. See below.

1998: Summer. Israel/Palestine, Egypt. Overseeing the University of Southern California and Loyola Marymount University participation in the excavations at Megiddo. Work at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, rebuilding the Archaeological Museum. Initial organization of a proposed International Conference in Archaeological technology, scheduled for Loutraki, Corinth, Greece in May 2000. Research at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

1997: Summer. Israel, West Bank, Sinai, Egypt. Work with the Israel Antiquities Authority on planned exhibits; renovation of the archaeological museum of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem; study in the laboratories of the Israel Museum in archaeological conservation and restoration. At Egyptian Museum, research on artifacts of the New Kingdom and Ptolemaic Periods.

1996: Summer. Israel/Palestine, Egypt. Overseeing the University of Southern California and Loyola Marymount University participation in the excavations at Megiddo. Work at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, as in December 1995. Research at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

1995: December. Jerusalem, Pontifical Biblical Institute: to plan major remodeling of the Archaeological Museum to make it more "user friendly"; decision-making on large quantities of stored archaeological materials, especially Chalcolithic sherds and vessels and assorted crates of prehistoric flints.

1995: Summer. June, Archaeological lecturer for study group, Western Mediterranean.

1994: Summer. June, Archaeological lecturer for study group, Eastern Mediterranean. July-August: Jerusalem (work on Roman coins excavated in northern Israel for the Israel Antiquities Authority), Megiddo (in connection with re-opened excavations); Cairo: Research on pre-dynastic materials in the Egyptian Museum.

1993: Summer. Cairo: Research on materials from Dynasties XXV-XXX. Jerusalem: Completion of renovation of archaeological museum, Pontifical Biblical Institute; Research, Syro-Palestinian neolithic and chalcolithic materials.

1992: Summer. Cairo: Research on materials from Pre-Dynastic and Early Dynastic periods. Jerusalem: Initiation of complete revision of informational and display materials, museum, Pontifical Biblical Institute. Melbourne: delivered paper at International Congress. (see above)

1990: Summer. Amman, Jordan: Amman Citadel Project. (See above under 1990, Month of August).

1989: Summer. Near East and Southwest India. Archaeological Research: Near East, Indus Valley and Subcontinent parallels in material cultures up to the Middle Bronze period.

1985-88: Several trips to Jerusalem, expert witness in judicial proceedings involving theft of ancient coins and other antiquities.

1983-84: {Sabbatical} Near East and Africa: Archaeological research for reconstruction of Afroasiatic linguistic prehistory: from Chalcolithic to Early Bronze I in Syria-Palestine, emergence of Naqada II in Egypt. Also South America: research into pre-Columbian civilizations.

1982: Summer, Amman, Jordan: Work with the Jordanian Department of Antiquities in publication of excavated Roman coins from Petra. Jerusalem: Work with the École Biblique, coins from es-Samra', Jordan.

1981: Winter, Western Europe: Evaluation of theological and philosophical centers of study for the U.S. Jesuits.

1979: Summer, Amman, Jordan: Numismatic Research for the Jordanian Department of Antiquities. Jerusalem: Curatorship of Museum, Pontifical Biblical Institute; Study of pottery from the Late Iron, Persian and Hellenistic periods.

1978: Summer: Through Mexico, Yucatan. Pre-Columbian sites.

1977-78: Year-long appointment as Annual Professor at the American Center of Oriental Research, Amman, Jordan: archaeology and epigraphy. Travel to archaeological sites in North Africa, Malta, Near East.

1977: Lecture tour on Old Testament Studies: Japan, Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea.

1975: Summer. Archaeological study, Anthropological Museum, Mexico City. Cataloging of cuneiform tablets and Near Eastern seals in a private collection, Mexico City.

1974-75: Catholic Biblical Association appointment as visiting professor to the École Biblique et Archéologique in Jerusalem (taught Ugaritic and Canaanite paleography); also one month teaching Old Testament in Bombay; archaeological study in Southeast Asia, Burma, Iran, Mediterranean.

1971: Approximately one month, East and southeast Asia.

1967-68: West and East Europe: language studies. Near East: archaeological studies.